The term neurotypical refers to our society’s notion that some people are "normal" while others are not. Although research has shown that there are virtually no differences in brain anatomy between people with autism and those who are considered neurotypical, many geniuses have reached their fullest potential by applying the talents of the autistic mind-style.
“Absentminded,” “head in the clouds,” “distant,” “childish,” and “single-minded” are terms often associated with the negative social personality traits commonly found in individuals with autism. Coincidentally, these words are also fitting descriptions of some of history’s most celebrated inventors, leaders, and thinkers.
In Genius Genes: How Asperger Talents Changed the World, Michael Fitzgerald and Brenden O’Brien use documented biographical evidence related to the minds and behaviors of 21 historical figures, including Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, H. G. Wells, and Thomas Jefferson, to “diagnose” them with ASD with varying degrees of certainty. Underlining their ideas is the importance of perceiving ASD as a complex condition allowing of a diverse range of possibilities and potentialities rather than an unambiguous blight on individuals and families.